Before 1849, the concept of a "normal chess set" as we know it today did not exist. The evolution of chess pieces took place over centuries, originating in 6th century India as representations of a battlefield. As the game gained popularity in Europe, the symbolic meaning shifted, and the pieces transformed into symbols of a royal court rather than an army. Consequently, the original chessmen, including the counselor, infantry, cavalry, elephants, and chariots, were reimagined as the queen, pawn, knight, bishop, and rook, respectively.
With the rise of chess clubs and competitions in the 19th century, the need for a standardized set became evident. This set would allow players from diverse cultural backgrounds to compete without confusion. In 1849, this challenge was met with the introduction of the "Staunton" Chess Set. The Staunton chess pieces, which we are familiar with and fond of today, became the archetype of chess pieces.
Since then, numerous variations of chess sets have emerged, offering a wide range of options. House of Chess provides a diverse selection of chess sets including plastic, wood, metal, resin, and more, catering to different preferences and styles.